ABOUT PASAY

  • Kingdom of
    Namayan
  • Spanish
    Time
  • American
    Period
  • Third
    Republic
  • New
    Society
  • People
    Power
  • Pasay
    Today
  • Mayors of
    Pasay City


Kingdom of Namayan

The name of the city of Pasay, they say, came from the wail of a brokenhearted swain. Jose and Paz were in love with each other and were intent on a life together. But in those days their love was forbidden. Jose's father was one of many tenants of the hacienda of the father of Paz. Jose was ordered to stay away from Paz. Couldn't take the misery and misfortune, Paz died.

At her funeral the elite came to mourn and pray. Jose stood at a distance, and when everybody left, dug a tunnel into the earth to be with her. Once joined, he let out a sharp and anguished cry "Paz-ay!" In sorrow and regret, the parents of Paz named their hacienda Paz-ay. In time the whole town came to be called Pasay.
Historians have another explanation to the origin of name of the city. It is said that the Pasay was then thick with pasaw, a plant with an exotic aroma. It was said that a Spanish botanist, Antonio Pineda, frequented a place called Basal in the vicinity of San Rafael to gather pasaw.

There are other explanations to the nature of the name of Pasay but the most one given most weight is that it was named after a princess of the Namayan Kingdom, Dayang-dayang Pasay. The Namayan kingdom is the confederation of barangays which began to peak in 1175. It stretches from Manila Bay to Laguna de Bai. Dayang-dayang Pasay inherited the lands now comprising the territories of Culi-culi, Pasay and Baclaran. The royal capital of the kingdom was built in Sapa, known today as Santa Ana.

The natives brought their products to the capital of Namayan. Trading flourished during the twelfth to the fourteenth centuries. Merchants from the China, Moluccas, Java, Borneo, Sumatra, India, Siam, and Cambodia came to trade with the natives.





Spanish Time






American Period





Third Republic





New Society

On September 21, 1972 Marcos signed Proclamation No. 1081 placing the nation under martial law on the grounds of growing threat of Communism, natural clamities and rising violence which included a string of bombings and the staged assassination plot on his Defense Secretary, Juan Ponce Enrile.

Mayors in Greater Manila, including Pablo Cuneta of Pasay were called to Malacañang and asked to join the government party, the Kilusang Bagong Lipunan and nobody dared to refuse the President.

On December 7, 1972, an assassin tried to kill Imelda Marcos. The event took place in Pasay, on live television. While Mrs. Marcos was distributing prizes to the winners of the National Beautification and Cleanliness contest. She suffered some wounds and broken nails but on the whole she emerged unscathed from that close encounter.

On the second anniversary of martial law, Marcos issued Presidential Decree No. 557, returning to every barrio in the country the barangays. Not long after the decree had been put into effect, the Metropolitan Manila Commission and the Department of Local Government instructed Pasay to create its own barangays. Mayor Cuneta created 487 barangays. Upon the firm suggestion of Secretary Jose Roño of the Department of Local Government, the number of barangays was trimmed down to two hundred.

On November 7, 1975 Marcos appointed the First Lady as governor of Metro Manila, a new federation created by Presidential Decree No 824. The federation consolidated 13 towns and 4 cities including Pasay.

By 1977 an air of stability seemed to settle on the cities and the countryside. The GNP posted an annual increase of 7%, unemployment dropped, foreign investment doubled, and a sense of law and order existed. But it would take time for people to realize the high prize they had to pay for the New Society. An estimated six thousand political prisoners had been silenced in jail, including Ninoy Aquino. Bodies disappeared without a trace. More importantly, Marcos's main justification for martial law - to curb Communist threat - had in fact had the opposite way.

In 1980, Ninoy Aquino a political nemesis of Marcos was assassinated in the Manila International Airport upon his return from self-exile abroad.





People Power

The killing of Aquino had serious repercussions. Suddenly, violently, Philippine politics entered an uncertain new era. Posters lined the Metropolis calling for the resignation of Marcos. But Marcos remained cocky. Confident as ever, he called for a snap election. He thought there was no way he could be beaten, but the opposition proved him wrong. Marcos had to pull out all his dirty tricks win the election.

When the Batasang Pambansa proclaimed Marcos as the winner, the people paid no heed. The Catholic bishops publicly condemned the election. People went on a nationwide disobedience movement. Defense Minister Juan Ponce Enrile and Marcos's own cousin, Lt. Gen. Juan Ponce Enrile deputy chief of the Armed Forces of the Philippines, broke away from Marcos. As the rebels barricaded inside two military camps, Archbishop Jaime Cardinal Sin called upon the people to protect the maverick soldiers. Hundreds of thousands of Filipinos responded and poured onto the streets and converged on the highway called EDSA. And as the "People Power" revolution evolved from February 22 to 25, 1986, history not only opened a new window for a nation long shoved to its shadowed corridors but also gave its people a common weal and pride to chart its own destiny.

The People Power Revolution put Corazon Aquino into office, without an official count of the votes. Mrs. Aquino directed immediate reorganization of local governments. Cuneta relinquished his post and Aquino appointed Eduardo Calixto was appointed as officer-in-charge of Pasay City. In the 1988 local elections Cuneta won and was reelected in 1992.



Pasay Today


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Mayors of Pasay City

Alcalde

1811 Juan de Jesus
1812 Marcelo Celeridad
1813 Gavino Vergel
1814 Domingo Cifra
1815 Bernardo de Jesus
1816 Enrique Cuneta
1817 Gavino Vergel
1818 Marcelo Celeridad
1819 Froilan Fernando
1820 Miguel Tolentino
1821 Joaquin Protacio
1822 Marcos Cabrera
1823 Angel Isidro
1824 Miguel Tolentino
1825 Tomas Inocencio
1826 Andres Aragon

Gobernadorcillo


1827 Dionisio Fernando
1828 Damaso Sanchez
1829 Protocio de Jesus
1830 Idefonso Sanchez
1831 Juan Vergel
1832 Juan Antonio
1833 Joaquin Protacio
1834 Marcos Cabrera
1835 Dionisio Fernando
1836 Andres Aragon
1837 Flaviano Protacio
1838 Serapio Celeridad
1839 Santiago Raymundo
1840 Genaro Cabrera
1841 Juan Vergel Cruz
1842 Gregorio Manapat
1843 Santiago Raymundo
1844 Igmidio Cabrera
1845 Alejandro Ignacio
1846 Eutropio Manapat
1847 Eutropio Manapat
1848 Gregorio Vergel Cruz
1849 Juan Escobal
1850 Francisco del Rosario
Alcalde

1851 Flaviano Protacio
1852 Tomas Aragon
1853 Teofilo Protacio
1854 Faustino Celeridad
1855 Santiago Raymundo
1856 Tomas Aragon
1857 Fortunato Vergel Cruz
1858 Telesforo Apelo Cruz
1859 Fortunato Santos
1860 Rufino Cabrera
1861 Bendicto Decena
1862 Buenaventura Cabrera
1863 Manuel Fernando
1864 - 65 Pedro Vergel Cruz
1866 - 67 Faustino Celeridad
1868 - 69 Abito Vergel Cruz
1870 - 71 Hermogenes Vito Cruz
1872 - 73 Fortunato Vergel Cruz
1874 - 75 Teodoro Aragon
1876 - 77 Macario Vergel
1878 - 79 Pedro Aragon
1880 - 81 Macario Vergel Cruz
1882 - 83 Marcelino Tolentino
1884 - 85 Lorenzo Protacio
1886 - 87 Isaac Tolentino
1888 - 89 Rufino Cabrera
1890 Leocadio Villa Real
1891 - 92 Catalino Taylo
1893 Maximo de Jesus

Capitan Municipal

1894 Marcelino Tolentino
1895 - 97 Marino Reyes
1898 - 99 Catalino Taylo

Municipal President

1900 - 05 Pascual Villanueva
1906 - 08 Gregorio Villanueva
1908 - 10 Mauro Reyes
1910 - 12 Eugenio Villanueva
1912 - 19 Pascual Villanueva
1919 - 22 Miguel R. Cornejo
1931 - 34 Moises San Juan

Alcalde

1932 - 37 Moises San Juan
1937 - 40 Rufino Mateo
1940 - 42 Moises San Juan
1942 Aldolfo Santos

District Chief (Appointed)

1942 - 45 Enrique Manaloto
1945 Alipio Pestañas
Nocanor Santos
Adolfo Santos

Municipal Mayor

1946 - 50 Rufino Mateo
1950 - 51 Carlos Rivilla
1952 Primitivo Lovina

Mayor

1950 - 53 Pablo Cuneta (acting)
1953 - 55 Pablo Cuneta

Elected City Mayor

1956 - 59 Pablo Cuneta
1960 - 63 Pablo Cuneta
1968 - 71 Jovito Claudio
1972 - 80 Pablo Cuneta
1981 - 86 Pablo Cuneta
1986 - 87 Eduardo Calixto (OIC)
1987 - 88 Norman Urbina (OIC)
1989 - 91 Pablo Cuneta
1992 - 95 Pablo Cuneta
1995 - 98 Pablo Cuneta
1998 - April 2000
Jovito O. Claudio
May 2000 - August 2006
Wenceslao "Peewee" Trinidad
Jan. 2007 - June 30, 2007
Allan T. Panaligan
(Acting)
July 2007 - 2010
Wenceslao "Peewee" Trinidad
2010-Present
Antonino "Tony" G. Calixto

 

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